What are Corns?
A corn (heloma) is an area of thickened skin tissue generally found on the top of the toes due to shoe irritation or in between the toes due to irritation and friction from a bony prominence.
Hard corns are usually located on the top of the toe or on the side of the small toe. Soft corns resemble open sores and develop between the toes as they rub against each other.
Corns common symptoms/complaints
Patients will complain of pain at the site of the corn. Soft corns at the webspace between the toes may become infected.
How are corns caused?
- Shoes that don’t fit properly. If shoes are too tight, they squeeze the foot, increasing pressure. If they are too loose, the foot may slide and rub against the shoe, creating friction.
- Toe deformities, such as hammer toe or claw toe.
- High heeled shoes because they increase the pressure on the forefoot.
- Rubbing against a seam or stitch inside the shoe.
- Socks that don’t fit properly.
- Over pronation
Actually, most foot problems can be blamed not on walking but on your walking shoes. Corns, for example, are calluses that form on the toes because the bones push up against the shoe and put pressure on the skin. The surface layer of the skin thickens and builds up, irritating the tissues underneath.
Corns can be caused or aggravated by abnormal friction (instability or over-pronation) occurring between a bony prominence and also because pronation causes the foot to function like a “loose bag of bones”. The result is hypermobility of the foot, causing the bony prominences to irritate and break down the soft tissue between the toes. When the “loose bag of bones” phase goes on too long, the skin is trapped between the bony prominences in the foot and the inside of the shoe, causing friction and irritation. The skin of the foot thickens to protect itself from the irritation but then leaves even less room between itself and the inside of the shoe, resulting in pain.
How are corns treated?
Temporarily the corns can be cut away, however, since the problem can be made worse by over pronation, the patient should be fitted with an orthotic device that restricts the instability and reduces friction. The patient will likely experience comfort and relief within weeks.
- You can soak your feet regularly and use a pumice stone or callus file to soften and reduce the size of corns and calluses.
- Wearing a donut-shaped foam pad over the corn will also help relieve the pressure. Use non-medicated corn pads; medicated pads may increase irritation and result in infection.
- Use a bit of lamb’s wool (not cotton) between your toes to help cushion soft corns.
- Wear shoes that fit properly and have a roomy toe area.
Where to buy shoes for corns and arch supports
At Lucky Feet Shoes,we carry a wide variety of arch supports and shoes for corns online and in Southern California. We fit customers with shoes for corns and arch supports in Orange County, Inland Empire, Riverside, Temecula and Los Angeles County. Our stores in Rancho Cucamonga, Riverside, San Dimas, Anaheim Hills, Temecula, La Quinta, Palm Desert, Costa Mesa, and Long Beach. We invite you to stop by for a free foot analysis and try our shoes for corns. In addition, we have a large selection of comfort shoes, wide shoes, walking shoes, running shoes, arch supports, and custom orthotics!